Residential Sprinkler Systems are designed, installed and maintained to protect the means of escape from fire and enable the occupants or residents to escape if a fire was to start. Fire Sprinklers are used more than any other fixed fire protection, and there are over 40 million heads fitted around the world each year. Losses from fires in property adequately protected by sprinkler systems are estimated to be 1/10 of those in unprotected buildings. An automatic fire sprinkler system comprises of a water supply system, a network of pipes and fire sprinkler heads spaced at regular intervals across the premises.
In the past, fire sprinklers were used in warehouses, plants, offices and other commercial premises. In recent years, however, they have been regularly installed in family dwellings, care homes, student accommodation, hospitals, libraries and cultural sites.
Sprinklers do not depend on human factors such as knowledge of escape routes or emergency aid. They work instantly to reduce the danger. Sprinklers prevent the rapid spread of intense heat fires that are capable of trapping and killing dozens of building occupants. When buildings are secured with a suitably designed and maintained sprinkler system, approximately 99 per cent of the fires are controlled by sprinklers. Approximately 60 per cent of fires (in commercial establishments) are controlled when only four sprinklers are in operation. Fire losses in buildings equipped with sprinklers are 1/10 of those in unprotected buildings.